Category Archives: Tutorials

How to install Windows Small Business Server 2008 (SBS)

Windows Small Business Server 2008 (SBS 2008) is the successor to SBS 2003, and it brings the various components SBS is based on up to date.

This includes the server itself being based on Windows Server 2008, the mail server component up to Exchange Server 2007, and in the Premium Edition, SQL Server 2008 Standard Small Business Edition. Before we go ahead with the process of installing SBS 2008, it is a good idea to have a look at the minimum hardware requirements for Windows SBS 2008.

Minimum Hardware Requirements

Like all operating systems, SBS 2008 requires a minimum amount of power to run. To run well, the server hardware should easily cover the minimum requirements.

SBS 2008 requires a 64-bit processor (2 GHz min.) and 4 GB of RAM but Microsoft recommends 6GB to 8GB with a 32GB maximum. SBS 2008 also requires at least 60 GB of disk space and an Ethernet connection.

Installing Small Business Servier 2008

The main purpose of SBS 2008 is so that small businesses without technical support staff can take advantage of Microsofts powerful, but complex server based technologies. For this reason, most people will purchase a SBS 2008 server from the manufacturer with SBS 2008 already installed.

In that case, setup will only require handling the server configurations steps. However, in the interest of being complete, we will cover the full installation from the DVD installation media.

If you’ve setup a couple of workstations before, you may be used to installing the computer and then worrying about getting the network setup later.

With SBS 2008, it needs the network connection from the very beginning, so this is not an option. Make sure that your live network connection is plugged into the SBS 2008 server before starting the installation.

1. Put the SBS 2008 DVD in the DVD drive and power up the computer. Your specific computer will determine what you see as the server boots up.

Look for a message that says something like, “Boot Menu,” or “Choose Boot Device,” or “Press F10 To Enter Boot Menu”.

The server may go right to a screen which allows a choice of boot device based on detecting the bootable SBS 2008 DVD in the drive.

2. Select to boot from the DVD.

3. If you have never installed a Server in a country other than America, the next three questions seem a little silly. Choose the Language, the Time and Currency format, and the Keyboard Type.

4. Click Next, and then Install Now.

5. Inputting the product key and agreeing to the license agreement are next. Now, we can get down to some real business.

6. Choose Custom for the installation type. This allows you to choose where to put the operating system.

Ideally, SBS 2008 should have the operating system on its own partition on its own hard disk and the data on a separate partition and separate disk or disks.

To accomplish this, select the disk the operating system is to be installed on and Choose Drive Options and click New.

The default partition size that appears will be the size of the entire disk. Click Apply and setup will create a single partition which fills the entire disk. This will be the SBS 2008 system partition.

7. Setup will begin copying files to do the install. Keep in mind that this is around 60GB worth of files, so even on a fast system, this will take several minutes.

Configuring SBS 2008 for Initial Installation

When setup is done copying files, it will display the Continue Installation screen.

1. Click Next and setup will move on to collecting the information required to turn the server into a functioning business server.

2. Choose your time zone and then click Go online and get the most recent installation updates.

3. Next comes the Company Information. The data input into the Company Information screen doesn’t actually do anything at this point.

4. The next step is to choose a Server Name (just make sure you don’t have any other servers with the same name) and a Domain Name.

Consider the Domain Name to be the name of your network. It may sound good to use the company name as the Domain Name, but it really is not. You aren’t naming your company, you are naming your Microsoft security resource and network model and structure.

Your company name can be part of the domain name, but it is a good idea to keep it short. The last thing you want is to be dealing with typing in a big domain name over and over again should the need arise.

5. Next, it is time to setup the administrator account. This is not the same as the built-in administrator account, so you want to choose another name.

Microsoft recommends you write down your network administrator account name and password and keep it in a safe place.

6. At this point, the summary page shows up and you can double check everything one more time. Unfortunately, the only way to fix anything is with the BACK button, so hopefully there are not any changes to be made.

Click Next, and setup will finish installing the SBS server.

Digital Images

There are four most common image files which are used in Web Design today, these being ? JPEG, GIF, TIFF and PNG. These image files have their own individual ways of storing colour modes. A JPEG image using RGB mode will store 24 bits per pixel or 8 bits per pixel in Grayscale mode. A GIF image file provides indexed colour at 1 or 8 bits per pixel. A TIFF image using RGB mode will store 24 or 48 bits per pixel or 8 or 16 bits in grayscale mode and at indexed colour holds 1 or 8 bits per pixel. A PNG image file using RGB mode will store 24 or 48 bits, grayscale 8 or 16 bits and indexed colour 1 or 8 bits.

Photographic images usually have continuous tones within the image, this means that pixels that are positioned close together usually have similar colours, and for example, a photo of green grass will contain numerous shades of green. A JPEG photographic image is usually 24-bit RGB colour, or 8 bit grayscale, and a typical colour photograph may contain around 100,000 colours, out of the possible set of 16 million colours in 24-bit RGB colour.

Website Design UK pages require JPG, GIF or PNG image types, because that is all that online browsers can show. JPG is the best choice on the web for photo images as it is the smallest sized file and website pages tend to use the GIF format for any graphic images e.g. logos or line art.

Graphic images do not normally have a continuous tone unless a gradient has been used within the graphic. Graphics are drawings are not like photos plus they usually use few colours, less than 16 colours in the whole image. In a colour graphic cartoon, a particular area of colour will use one shade, where as in a photograph there may be numerous shades of one colour. A map is produced using graphics and only uses 4 – 5 map colours plus 1 – 2 colours of text and then blue water and white paper, so these types of graphics use less than 16 colours, Graphics like this are ideal for Indexed Colour.

The TIFF file format is the best image file to use when best quality is required, and this is why the TIFF is common in professional, commercial printing environments and for Web Design England. High Quality large JPG images are also good too, but they can be ruined if they are made too small.

The 2D digital image is split into two parts, images know as ?bitmapped? are usually used in image making programmes such as Photoshop or painting packages, bitmap images are usually made up of rectangle picture elements known as pixels and each pixel is a colour, if the image is enlarged you can see these pixels and the image appears jagged, this can be improved by increasing the number of pixels per inch, known as a higher resolution image.

The other part is known as a ?vector? image and these are used in drawing and illustration programmes like Adobe Illustrator, a vector image is made up using lines and shapes, if the vector image is enlarged the quality will not degrade and the smoothness of the final image is only determined by the output device used to print the image.